Type of participant: RTD

Organization name: Karlsruhe Institute of Technology

Short name: KIT

Contact person:

Dr. Claus Bushmann

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Tlf. +49 721 608 4876


Kaiserstr. 12

76131 - Karlsruhe



The University of Karlsruhe was founded in 1825 and developed since then as a centre of technical research and sciences. The University of Karlsruhe is divided into 12 departments with more than 2200 permanent positions. The department of Chemistry and Biosciences is divided in 7 institutes being one of them dedicated to Botany. The Botanical Institute houses top researchers in the areas of fluorescence and reflectance. Founded in 1956, the Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe with its buildings and facilities is located 12 km north of the city of Karlsruhe on an area of 2 km². It has more than 3800 employees, of these, approx. 1300 scientists (including 220 foreign guests), 60 professors, 205 pre-doctoral students, and approx. 320 trainees. The fusion between Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe and the University of Karlsruhe in 2009, gave birth to the “Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)”.

The Botanical Institute in KIT is one of the lead researchers of plants and how they are subjected to a wide variety of natural and anthropogenic environmental factors. They have made great progress using detection of photosynthesis, as a convenient technique for studying the overall physiological activity and the general health of plants. They also investigate how the photosynthetic function can be measured by detecting CO2-gas exchange and the variation of chlorophyll fluorescence (Kautsky-effect) and of non-radioactive decay. Absorption and reflectance spectra are also used to characterise the pigment composition of leaves related to photosynthetic activity.

They also pioneered the use of diode array and CCD-detectors for fast (ms range) detection of complete optical spectra of leaves. Subsequently, a set up for photoacoustic measurements and the instrumentation for UV-induced fluorescence imaging of in vivo leaf samples were established. They have recently published studies with the in vivo assessment of chemical compounds in grape berries using fluorescence and reflectance based methodologies.

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The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Community’s Seventh Framework Programme FP7/2007-2013 managed by REA-Research Executive Agency under grant agreement n° 262011

FP7 Programme
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